Puvidal
Rangoli in Kerala is called Puvidal. Puvidal is derived from 'Puv' means flower and 'idal' means arrangement. Puvidal is commonly known as Pookhalam. Pookhalam consists of two words, 'poov' meaning flower and 'kalam' means colour sketches on the ground. It is an intricate and colourful arrangement of flowers laid on the floor.

It is believed that the spirit of their dear King Mahabali visits Kerala at the time of Onam. The tradition of making Pookhalam is followed as a ritual in every household during ten-day-long Onam celebrations.

People in Kerala especially wants girls to prepare Pookalams to welcome their most loved King. Pookhalam is usually circular in shape and is made of multi- tiered colorful arrangement of flowers, petals and leaves. They are normally laid on the front court yard of the house. Diameter of a Pookalam normally ranges from four to five meters.

Idols of Mahabali and Vishnu are placed in the center of the Pookalam and worshiped. This ritual of making the flower arrangement continues for all ten days of Onam. Making patterns starts from the day of Atham(First day of Onam) and is made ready by Thiruvonam day(Tenth day of Onam).

Basic design is prepared on the first day. Size of a Pookalam is increased by adding more to it on every passing day hence a huge Pookalam gets ready for the main day of the occasion. Its a big creative task, as ladies have to think of a new design everyday.

Making of Pookalam is in itself a colourful and joyous event. Being a team effort it helps to generate feeling of togetherness and goodwill amongst the people. It is fun to watch women as they prepare Pookalam while singing traditional songs, giggling and sharing jokes between the thought provoking and back breaking job.

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